What is Agility?

History | Training Classes and Safety | Organisations | Grades and Dog Heights | Equipment
Handling | Rules | Progression | Handlers with Disabilities, and Juniors

In very basic terms, it’s guiding your dog around a series of obstacles (usually 18 to 20 when competing), where the course is set by a judge.

Your dog must work off lead and cannot be touched while ‘under test’. Your dog is guided by using both verbal and physical (hand signals, body position) cues.

The obstacles must be taken in the correct order and in the correct direction. The fastest clear round wins. It’s a very skilful activity!

Not only must you teach your dog to safely and correctly complete all the different obstacles, you need to be able to steer (handle) them using verbal and physical cues, so they go in the right direction and take the quickest line between the obstacles in order to complete the course in the fastest possible time.


Dog agility started life in 1978 when it was showcased as a demonstration at Crufts on Friday 10 February 1978. It was put on as entertainment in the main ring, between the Obedience and Breed competitions.

Two teams of four dogs plus one reserve each arrived at Crufts Dog Show 1978. They were the Lincolnshire Alsatian Association & All Breeds Training Society, and the Yorkshire Working Trials Training Society. The handlers wore smart tracksuits as a team uniform and competed against each other with great success.

This is a video of the first demonstration of agility at Crufts in 1978. The equipment will make you cringe! First Crufts Dog Agility 1978

In 1979, after qualifying rounds, three teams competed in the finals at Crufts. The teams were the Pontefract Dog Training Club, The Rugby Dog Training Club and The Yorkshire Working Trials Society.

A further Agility milestone was reached when the finals of the Pedigree Chum Agility Stakes were held at the International Horse Show at Olympia during December 1979.

In 1980, The Kennel Club became the first organisation to recognise agility as an ‘official sport’ with a sanctioned set of rules. The first agility test to be held under the new regulations was the team event at Crufts that year. The three teams to qualify after an eliminating round to compete in this event were Pontefract DTC, Yorkshire WTS and the Waldridge Fell TC.

1983 saw the founding of the Agility Club, the first national agility club in the UK, which also publishes Agility Voice, the first agility magazine.

Originally, all dogs – regardless of height – had to compete over the same 30″ jump height. This changed during the early 1980s with classes being introduced for Mini dogs (up to 15″ at the shoulder, jumping 15″). The first Mini Agility Dog of the Year competition took place at Olympia in December 1987.Classes for Midi dogs (15-17″ at the shoulder, jumping 20″) were introduced in the 1990s, although it was not until 2005 that they had their own competition at Olympia.

In 1992, the first week long agility show was held at Malvern by Dogs in Need, in aid of dog charities. A total of 885 dogs entered with 5,879 class entries. Dog agility has grown in the UK to the point where the most popular Kennel Club shows regularly run ten or more rings a day, with up to 450 runs in each ring.

Throughout the 1990s, dog agility in the UK was dominated by the Kennel Club. In 2003 the situation started to change with the appearance of shows run by East Midlands Dog Agility Club (EMDAC).

Non-KC agility shows increased from late 2003 onwards. Many of these were held by independent clubs as one-off events, but a number of agility organisations also started to be formed. These included UKA, Agility Addicts and It Barks, all of which were founded in 2004. In 2006, EMDAC launched the British Agility Association (BAA).

Training Classes and Safety

There are several different places where you can take your dog to train. Generally there are either KC Clubs or private clubs/trainers.

Trainers may also run specific workshops or camps, such as weaves, contacts, young dogs, European handling, etc.

You could attend a class with (usually) no more than five or six in a class. Or you could have a one-to-one (individual) lesson. Not all clubs/trainers offer one-to-ones.

Safety: It is important to ensure that any training is carried out in a safe manner. As with any dog sport, injuries can happen when not trained correctly. Agility should be trained in the same way, whether you are planning on competing or not. You should never be doing all the equipment on your first lesson! A dog can easily be scared by doing equipment he has not been introduced to properly, eg seesaw.

Motivation: It should always be fun for the dogs. Handlers normally use toys as a reward so the dogs drive away from them. Learn to throw!

You will also need to have a reasonable level of control over your dog so he doesn’t chase the other dogs while training and has recall.

Your dog should be physically capable from both a conformation and fitness viewpoint. Some dogs are simply not built to complete an agility course. Your dog should also be reasonably fit as agility can be very demanding.


There are a variety of different organisations that organise agility competitions in the UK. Some of them are more prevalent in certain regions than others. In our area, the Kennel Club and UK Agility are the ones we see most of. Some of the FAB shows are within travelling distance. You are strongly advised to read the organisation’s website to familiarise yourself with the rules and regulations before entering a show.

The main ones are:

The Kennel Club (KC)
The KC are responsible for agility at Crufts, Discover Dogs, and Olympia
Rule changes are made via an advisory committee

Other organisations are privately run, so rule changes can be made relatively easily. All have their own qualifiers for finals, etc. There are others, but these are the main ones in our area:

There are also various individual club leagues, independent shows (none count for progression up the grades) and international organisations. Qualification for international competitions is via different UK organisations.

Grades and Dog Heights

Each organisation has its own grading structure and height splits. Height is measured to the top of the dog’s shoulder/withers.

KC1 – 7
UKABeginners, Novice, Senior, Champion
FABNewbie, Graduate, Senior
OrganisationHeight Name/Jump HeightDog’s Height
KCSmall/300mmUp to 350mm
Medium/400mmOver 350mm and up to 430mm
Intermediate/500mmOver 430mm and up to 500mm
Large/600mmOver 500mm
UKA250/Select Height 200320mm and under
300/Select Height 250380mm and under
400/Select Height 300440mm and under
500/Select Height 400500mm and under
600/Select Height 500Any
FABPetite/200mmToy Breeds
Small/300mmEquivalent of KC Small
Medium/400mmEquivalent of KC Medium
Standard/500mmEquivalent of KC Intermediate
Large/600mmEquivalent of KC Large


It’s broadly the same in all the different organisations.

The photo gallery is KC standard obstacles as at March 2021. However occasional changes are made as standards evolve. For further information about KC regulation equipment, click here Agility course obstacles

Weaves (in KC) – the number of poles must be 6 or 12

The Brush Fence, Wishing Well and Water Jump are occasional obstacles

Click the thumbnails to view


There are many different types of turns. They all have a name, such as Front Cross, Rear Cross, Blind, Ketschker, German… Which one you use depends on where you are and where the next obstacle is.

  • Agility courses must include weaves and all three pieces of the contact equipment
  • Jumping is jumps, tunnels and weaves
  • Steeplechase (not normally found at a KC show) is just jumps and tunnels
Caroline and Tia – Jumping round

Here are some examples of courses. Click the thumbnails to view


There are some differences between organisations, especially for refusals and minimum/maximum distance between obstacles, but mostly they are very similar

  • The fastest round with the least faults wins. This may not always be a clear round!
  • There is a set minimum and maximum number of obstacles in a course. For KC this is a minimum of 15 and a maximum of 20
  • You will get five faults for (eg) displacing a pole, missing a contact, seesaw not on ground before the dog alights
  • You will get five faults for a refusal for (eg) running past an obstacle, not entering the weaves correctly
  • You will be eliminated for (eg) three refusals or wrong course
  • Each course will have a maximum time, which is calculated using a matrix. Time faults will be gained if you exceed the course time
  • In KC, classes can be either combined grades (all the grades in that class run against each other) or graded classes (up to three grades run in the same class, but results are separate for each grade)


How to progress up the grades. It can be a little complicated in some organisations, so always best to read the rules! For instance you may be able to move up on points.

KCFirst places in a standard class, which must be clear and in the course time
At least one of the first places must be in an agility class
The number of wins required depends on which grade you are moving from
UKAThere are two separate programmes at UKA: Performance and Steeplechase
Both programmes progress on points, which are gained by going clear within the course time
The number of points won depend on your place and the number of dogs in a class
More points required the higher the grade
FABThere are three separate programmes: Agility, Jumping, Steeplechase
Each category requires two wins at each grade to move up into the next grade

Handlers with Disabilities, and Juniors

Mostly handlers with disabilities compete in the same competitions as others, but there is also ParAgility. There is a ParAgility World Cup

Juniors are well catered for with separate competitions for Juniors in most organisations, including international. Different organisations have different age groups.